Sheesham tree is a wonderful tree that produces valuable Sheesham wood. It is found in all parts of India and it is also popularly known as “Indian Rosewood”. It is also known by other names like Sissoo, Shishan, Sisu, etc. Sheesham wood has been used for many decades for making furniture in Indian homes, especially gates and windows. It has a very good commercial value in the Indian market.
The leaves of the Sheesham tree are a good source of fodder for cattle. Goats, buffaloes, cows eat the leaves of the tree with taste, and it is also nutritious for them. The Sheesham wood is considered the favorite wood of the Indian furniture industry and it is also used to a great extent in the paper industry.
Sheesham wood is one of the most exported woods from India. Sheesham wood is a hardwood that has the capability to stand the test of time, it can maintain its strength for a long period of time, and this is the reason why it is in so much demand in the furniture industry. Sheesham wood is also fairly resistant to the termites, which adds to its durability.
Many farmers plant the Sheesham tree for cashing the great value that it offers in the market. Sheesham has a great quality that it grows again from the place where the wood is cut from, that too at a fairly good pace. This tree also produces a lot of branches by spreading in a wide area, which enables the farmer to get more wood out of it. There are many farmers who earn a handsome amount by growing Sheesham tree in their land.
Sheesham Tree – Scientific And Descriptive Facts
The scientific name of Sheesham tree is “Dalbergia Sissoo” and it belongs to the family “Fabaceae”. Sheesham tree is a giant tree that can grow up to 100 feet tall and it also spreads wide horizontally. The tree has a thick bark which is brown in color and it is scaly in texture.
This tree grows well in the temperatures ranging from 10°C to 40°C; it likes to have proper sun exposure. Although it can be grown in almost all kinds of soils, it thrives in the rich soil of riverbanks.
The roots of the Sheesham tree develop a long taproot system from the early stages of its life and they have numerous lateral diverging roots. The leaves of the tree are compound, imparipinnate and they grow in an alternate arrangement. There are 3 to 5 leaflets which are generally ovate in shape and they are cuspidate at the apex and rounded at the base. The flowers of the tree are white to yellowish-white in color and they have a pervasive fragrance.
How To Grow Sheesham Tree
Sheesham tree is commercially grown in many of the states in India for selling the wood of the tree. It is one of the most important timber trees of the country. With time more people are getting aware of the profits that they can get by cultivating Sheesham tree. As such an upward trend has been seen in the popularity of the cultivation of Sheesham trees.
1. The Sheesham tree can be propagated from both, seed and the sapling. For growing a Sheesham tree you should buy a healthy sapling from the nursery. It is a species that can easily grow in a wide variety of climate. It can easily tolerate a temperature range of a maximum of 49 ° C and a minimum of 4 ° C.
2. If you are planning to grow a tree from the seed then make sure to soak the seeds for at least 24 hours before planting the seeds in the soil.
3. The Sheesham tree can easily grow in almost all kinds of well-drained soil. Alluvial soil and sandy loamy soil mixed with gravel that drains excess water and maintains the moisture is ideal for growing these trees.
4. If you are planning to commercially cultivate these trees then you should plant the seeds or saplings at a minimum distance of four meters from each other. Other crops such as maize, gram, wheat, peas, sugarcane, etc can also be cultivated with these trees.
5. The plant is to be deeply watered regularly as it requires a lot of moisture to grow dense foliage, especially during the initial growth period.
6. Fertilization is a very important aspect for the proper growth of the trees. Ensure proper fertilization from time to time, within a gap of 3 to 4 months.
7. The Sheesham tree can start providing you returns from the sixth years, the cutting of the tree can be obtained from pruning the wood in the sixth, eighth, and twelfth years.
Benefits And Uses Of Sheesham Tree
Although most of the people associate Sheesham with furniture in India but Sheesham is not only meant for furniture. It is a divine tree with many virtues and has been used for many decades for the betterment of human lives. Let us have a look at some of the beneficial properties of the wonderful Sheesham tree.
Sheesham Tree Leaves For Hydration
The leaves of the tree are considered very useful for hydrating the body. People who feel excessive hotness and sweating in their body during the summer season can take 5 to 6 leaves of the tree, grind them, mix in water with some sugar to make a cool beverage. This drink will prove to be very helpful in cooling down and hydrating the body.
The sheesham leaves are also helpful in controlling diabetes if used along with neem tree leaves.
Sheesham Wood For Eczema
Sheesham wood is considered very helpful in treating eczema and other skin disorders. For this, it is suggested to take one kilo of old sheesham tree and to boil it in around four liters of water. The water is to be boiled till around only one liter of the water remains.
Then mustard oil and neem tree leaves are to be in the water and it is further boiled till it gets thicker like the viscosity of the oil. This prepared oil shall be stored and massaged in the affected area to get relief.
Sheesham Leaves For Cattle Infections
Sheesham is not only good for humans; it can be very beneficial for cattle too. Many times it is seen that cattle get infected with the inflammatory reactions of the udder tissue, which may be because of physical trauma or microorganisms infections. The paste of the leaves is to be prepared and applied to the infected area every day for around 8-10 hours. Within a week the improvement in the condition will be evident.
Sheesham Tree For Menstrual Problems
Sheesham tree is also very beneficial for treating problems like over bleeding and painful periods in women. For treating these issues around 8 to 10 Sheesham leaves are taken and grinded with some sugar and given to the patient twice a day. Within a few days, it normalizes the bleeding and other issues. It is also good for leucorrhoea in women and urinary disorders in men.
Sheesham Leaves For Eye Pain
Sheesham tree leaves are considered very good for treating eye infections, redness, and itching. For getting relief in eye problems people take leaves of the sheesham tree and grind them to make a paste. This paste is kept on closed eyelids for around half an hour to get relief from redness, itching, and pain.
Sheesham Bark For Sciatica Pain
Sciatica is a sharp pain that grows along with the flow of the sciatic nerve. This thick nerve goes down from your lower back through your hips and buttocks to each leg in the body. People suffering from sciatica have acute pain which is quite unbearable.
For getting relief in sciatica, take approx 1 kg powder of thick bark of the sheesham tree, and boil it in around 2-liter water. Boil it until the water is reduced to around 200 ml. The remaining liquid shall be sieved with the help of cotton cloth. Around 10 gm of this thick liquid is to be given to the patient twice a day along with milk. The patient will notice the difference within 3 weeks.