Kadam tree is known by many other names such as kadamba, kadambika, kadambai, rajkadamb, dhulkikadamb, hanskadamb, etc. It is considered as the favorite tree of Lord Krishna, it is believed that he used to put a swing on this tree and then played his flute while swinging under the tree. It is also seen that this Kadam tree is still found growing in large numbers in all those areas which are associated with Lord Krishna. These areas include cities like Mathura, Vrindavan, and Ujjain.
Kadam tree is a big tree and as per Hindu mythology, it is believed that simply sitting in the shade of this tree is beneficial for health. Although many benefits of this tree are known to us, but still many Ayurvedic experts are of the opinion, that there is a big scope for research and development of new herbal drugs from this tree.
It is also believed that the Kadam tree has got its name from the Kadamba dynasty, which was an ancient Royal dynasty Karnataka. This dynasty ruled the northern Karnataka and Konkan area and it is believed that this tree was considered holy and sacred by the people and rulers of this dynasty.
Kadam Tree Descriptive Features
The scientific name of the Kadam tree is “Neolamarckia Cadamba” and it belongs to the family Rubiaceae. Kadam tree is an evergreen and tropical tree with a height range of 30 to 50 meters. It is the big growing tree and its canopy is also generally quite big. Kadam tree has a specialty that it grows very fast, and its growth is even more remarkable during the first few years of its life. Generally, other trees start off very slow, and their growth in the initial years is quite slow.
The bark of the Kadam tree is greyish in color and has a smooth texture when this tree is young, but as the tree matures the bark starts getting rough with longitudinal fissures. The leaves of the Kadam tree are ovate or elliptical in shape, and they have a shiny green color. The leaves of the kadamba tree are generally 10 to 30 cm long.
The Kadam tree produces bisexual flowers that are red or orange in color, and they have a sweet fragrance to them. The fruits of the Kadam tree are spherical in shape and they grow in dense globular heads. These fruits are hard and they contain thousands of seeds. When the fruits grow they are initially green in color, but as they mature and ripen they become yellow in color. In general terms, they look like a small ball or a small spherical bulb with lots of hairs on it.
How To Grow Kadam Tree
The Kadamba tree is a quick growing tree and it is not very tough to grow it from the scratch. The Kadam tree can be easily propagated from its seeds. The seeds are found in its ball-shaped fruit, these seeds are first grown in grow bags, generally during the monsoon season and then after the season is over they can be planted in their new permanent location.
For getting the seeds for germination process the fruits of the Kadamba tree, which have matured are collected, and then they are soaked in water for 5 to 6 days. After which the outer layer of the fruit becomes soft, and the pulp of the fruit gets exposed. The pulp of the fruit has to be properly washed with water to get the seeds of the fruit separated from the pulp.
Now, these seeds are collected and they are allowed to dry off. These seeds are then sown in the fine mixture of fertile soil and sand along with compost. It is made sure that the soil is well-drained. Further, this soil is watered regularly and properly, and after a period of around three to four weeks, the seeds start to germinate. And within some more time, the growth of new shoots and leaves can be observed.
It is important to water the germinating seed continuously so that the initial growth is not hampered. It is also very important to use proper insecticides and fungicides. When the baby plants grow to a length of around two to three inches they are transferred to the grow bag. This grow bag can be used for taking further care of the plant and putting it in a permanent place.
Benefits And Uses Of Kadamba Tree
In traditional Ayurvedic practices, Kadam tree is considered as the treasure of many benefits. The bark, leaves, fruit, and roots of this tree are used to cure hundreds of diseases. This tree has been the source of various remarkable herbal drugs which have helped in curing many people over several decades. Let’s have a look at some of the main benefits that are provided by the various parts of this tree.
1. The bark of the Kadamba tree is considered very beneficial for curing fever. It is said that 50 grams of powder of the bark of Kadamba tree, if boiled in a glass of water along with 7 to 8 leaves of basil, make a very effective decoction for treating fever. The decoction is obtained after properly sieving the mixture.
2. The leaves and bark of this tree are considered very helpful in alleviating body pain. People who are suffering from body pain can take equal parts of the bark and the leaves of this tree. These are to be boiled in around 200 ml water, after thorough boiling separate the bark and the leaves from the water. This water now can be used to give heat treatment to the area which has pain.
3. The fruit of the Kadam tree is considered very beneficial for treating stomach disorders like constipation, acidity, and heartburns. The fruit of the Kadamba tree can be squeezed to extract around 2 to 3 tablespoons of juice. This juice can be consumed directly twice a day in the morning and in the evening along with a little bit of rock salt. This will give relief in all stomach related problems.
4. The leaves of the Kadam tree have been traditionally used for treating skin disorders like itching scaling and scabbing. For getting relief from these kinds of disorders, people make a thick paste from the leaves of the Kadam tree and then they add some drops of the juice of Kadam fruit. This paste is then applied to the affected area, it has been reported by the patients that this treatment is highly effective in treating skin disorders.
5. The leaves and fruit of the Kadam tree are also used for treating oral issues such as bad breath and ulcers. For this, people take the leaves and the fruit of the Kadam tree and boil them in some water. After proper boiling, the water is separated from the fruits and the leaves and after cooling down it is used for gargling. And it is said that in just a matter of a few days it provides long-lasting relief.
6. It is also believed that the seeds of the Kadam tree are very effective in controlling the sugar levels in the body. Many people who are suffering from diabetes and have to take insulin for maintaining proper sugar levels in the body are advised by the Ayurvedic practitioners to use the seeds of this tree for controlling the sugar levels in their body.