Kachnar tree is a beautiful tree that is found almost everywhere in the country. It has the power to eliminate many diseases from the body, almost all parts of the tree like leaves, flowers, bark, etc are useful. This is the reason Kachnar is counted amongst the most beautiful and useful trees in India. Kachnar is also known by many other names such as Kanchanar, Kanala, Kandla, etc. It is also fondly known as “Indian Orchid” because its flowers are like an orchid. Some also call it “ebony tree” and “poor man’s orchid”.
Many species of the kachnar tree are found in India, out of which red, white, and pink Kachnar are the most popular ones. Generally, the leaves of the tree are used to identify it amongst the other trees because of their uniqueness. The leaf looks like the wings of a butterfly, it is round in shape at the start and splits into two parts at the end. The leaves of this tree are slightly sour in taste.
Kachnar Tree – Scientific And Descriptive Features
The scientific name of the Kachnar tree is “Bauhinia Variegata” and it belongs to the family “Fabaceae”. The name Variegata indicates the variation in the phenotypes of the tree. These phenotypes get expressed in a different manner because of the presence of different cultivars. The cultivars are groups of individuals within a species that carry certain unique traits.
The leaves of the tree are heart-shaped and they are around 15 centimeters in diameter, they are very rounded with lobed ends. Kachnar tree is a tall and wide growing tree and it can get quite huge, its height reaches up to 50 feet in suitable conditions.
The flowers start coming around the February month, flowers generally arrive in pinkish, purple, or white color. The fruit of the kachnar tree is in the shape of a pod containing the seeds of kachnar. The flowers of the tree are considered very helpful in blood disorders, leucorrhoea, and cough.
The flowers have a strong sweet fragrance which gets dispersed all around the tree and make the area pleasant. These flowers attract a lot of pollinators and birds, which further adds to the beauty of the tree.
This tree does not have any specific requirement, it likes to grow in the area with well-drained soil and it can be easily grown in subtropical to the tropical or Mediterranean climate. It is a very invasive and aggressively growing tree.
Pruning is quite very important especially in the beginning in order to design it the way you want it. It is a fast-growing tree and it requires less amount of water and it is fairly drought tolerant. It enjoys exposure to sunlight especially at the time of the blooming season.
How To Grow Kachnar Tree
Growing a kachnar tree is not a tough task, especially in the Indian climatic conditions. Type of soil is not a big issue for growing the tree, as it can easily grow in all types of soil.
If you want to grow it in a pot then you have to prepare the soil properly, try to make the soil aerated by mixing sand and compost. Also, the pot should have proper drainage. If you are planning to grow the tree in your backyard then make sure you have ample space because the tree grows at a good pace and it gets quite big.
The tree can be easily grown from seeds or cuttings. You can even prepare the cuttings by planting them in the water until the roots emerge and get ready for planting in the soil.
The tree loves to grow on soil with alkaline properties and it also likes to have ample sunlight for its proper growth. Once it grows up it does not need much maintenance.
This tree can also be used as a great bonsai plant, pruning is very important for this plant and it should be done from time to time. Pruning must be done after the flowering season of the plant gets over.
Uses And Benefits Of Kachnar Tree
Indian people in all parts of the country including the rural and tribal areas of the country, use kachnar in one form or the other. There are several benefits of various parts of the Kachnar tree, we are listing the main benefits of the tree in detail -:
Kachnar For Oral Problems
People who are suffering from dental and oral problems like blisters in the mouth or bad breath can deeply benefit from the “Chhal” (bark of the tree). You can purchase the bark powder from an ayurvedic medicine store or you can directly take the bark from the tree and make the powder from its bark.
Now, cook about 10 grams of bark powder in 400 ml of water, keep cooking till only 100 ml water remains. Use this prepared solution for gargling in the morning and evening. You will definitely notice the difference within 2-3 days.
Kachnar For Gastric Problems
The bark of the kachnar tree is also very beneficial for gastric problems and diarrhea. If one is suffering from diarrhea, he should get the powder of the bark and consume 3 grams of powder with lukewarm water, twice a day.
Kachnar and other medicinal trees are very important to us. So we should take the utmost care while using them for our benefit. We should be extremely careful while peeling its bark, if the bark is removed improperly it may harm the tree and it may end up drying. So it is important to be careful while removing the peels, it should be taken care that the inner part does not get exposed.
Kachnar Tree For Urinary Problems
People who are suffering from urinary infections and other such problems can also be benefitted with kachnar tree. The fruit of the kachnar is in the shape of a seedpod and it contains many seeds.
If one gram powder of these dried seeds is consumed twice a day, in the morning and in the evening, with freshwater, then the person will be benefited to a great extent.
Kachnar Tree For Lumps and Tumors
Kachnar tree is used for making ayurvedic medicine like Kachnar guggal, which are considered very beneficial for treating tumors. It is also considered helpful in treating cancer, thyroid problems, boils, and lipoma.
Kachnar Tree For Jaundice
It has been observed that many people in the hilly areas of Himachal Pradesh use the juice of the kachnar tree leaves for treating jaundice. For treating jaundice patient is given 100 ml juice of the leaves in the morning and evening.
The children are given only around 15-20 ml, this helps in improving the function of the liver, and it comes to its normal size. This is the reason that people in tribal and rural areas also use it for other liver disorders.
Kachnar As A Tea
Ayurveda suggests many teas for the benefit of the body, Kachnar bark tea is also one of the widely suggested teas. Kachnar tea can be used by boiling bark powder with basil leaves and a little “mishri” (sugar). If you drink it like a tea, it can be very helpful for your nervous system and stomach.
For relaxing stomach you can add 5 grams of Triphala to 5 grams of Kachnar for making tea, it will calm your stomach.