Gular Tree – Ficus Racemosa – Indian Fig Tree

The Gular tree is one of the famous trees of India, it is found in almost all parts of India. It is also known as the Cluster Fig Tree, Indian Fig Tree, or Gular Fig. This tree is native to the Indian subcontinent and it is also found in South East Asia and parts of Australia.

The unique thing about the Gular tree is that its fruits grow very close to the stem of the tree, it looks as if someone has pasted the figs on the stem of the tree. The fruit is just a little bit sweet, it lacks flavor. It can be eaten raw and it is considered very beneficial for the human body. The unripe fruits are used for making pickles and people also use them for making soup. The ripe fruits are dried and they are consumed with milk.

gular tree unripe fruit
Gular Unripe Fruit

People also eat the leaves of the gular tree, they are generally cooked as vegetables, and the young shoots of the gular tree are also consumed. The Gular tree is considered auspicious as per the beliefs of Hinduism and Buddhism. Hindus have been worshipping this tree for several decades and it is believed that this tree is the home of Lord Dattatreya, one of the lords of Yoga and a paradigmatic sanyasi.

gular tree
Gular Tree

Descriptive And Scientific Facts

The Gular tree belongs to the “Moraceae” family and its scientific name is “Ficus Racemosa”. It is a deciduous tree that can grow up to a height of 20 – 25 meters. It has a specialty that it sheds the leaves during monsoon season, unlike many other trees that generally shed their leaves during autumn or winter season.

The leaves are alternate and lanceolate, linear-lanceolate in shape, around 4 to 6 inches long, and 2 to 3 inches broad. The old leaves of the tree tend to fall all year round and the new leaves start appearing generally around the month of March. The figs appear directly on the trunk or branches of the tree in the following months of April and May.

The bark of the tree is grayish-white in color and has a smooth texture. The timber of the gular tree is not very hard; it is generally grayish in color. The wood of the tree is also not considered very strong as such it is not used for making structures that require strength.

Uses And Benefits Of Gular Tree

The gular tree has several therapeutical uses in the Indian Ayurvedic system. All parts of the tree are considered helpful in the medicinal and healing process. The tree is believed to have many biological properties. Let us have a look at the main uses and benefits of the different parts of the gular tree for the human body.

1. The gular tree is very useful in treating oral infections; the part of the tree that is useful in curing oral problems is the bark of the tree. The fine powder is made from the bark of the tree and it is then applied to the infected area in the mouth and then rinsed after some time.

2. The bark of the tree is also very helpful in relieving local pain in the body. For this the bark tree is powdered and then a paste is made by adding some water. This paste is applied to the part of the body which has pain. This paste is also very helpful in reducing the swelling from the body.

3. Gular is also considered very useful for detoxifying the body. The leaves and the fruits of the gular tree are considered very helpful in de poisoning and detoxifying the body.

gular tree ripe fruit
Gular Tree Ripe Fruit

4. The gular tree is also considered a natural anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral, although many of the other green trees have these qualities too but Gular is considered superior.

5. Gular is also very effective in treating skin disorders such as blemishes, hyperpigmentation, burns, etc. The mixture of leaves’ paste and bark’s paste is used for treating skin issues.

6. The gular tree is considered very helpful in treating intestinal problems. The leaves and fruits of the tree are considered very helpful for treating gastric and intestinal problems.

7. Gular fruits are also considered very helpful in improving the functionality of sexual organs in both males and females.

8. Gular fruits and leaves are helpful in improving the ability of the pituitary gland which in turn properly regulates the glands and maintains proper hormonal balance in the body.    

How To Grow A Gular Tree From Cutting – Bonsai

1. The first step is to get a healthy gular tree cutting; you can obtain it directly from a gular, or else you can buy it from a nursery. There may be some pests growing on the cutting, so make sure to clean the cutting properly before heading further.

gular tree cutting

2. You should add some rooting hormone to the bottom of the cutting so that it aids in the growth of the plant. It is better to first plant the cutting in the soil instead of directly growing it in the pot. If directly planted in the pot, the growth in the cutting may be slow.

3. Prepare the soil properly for planting the cutting. Make sure to add natural fertilizers and compost. The soil should be well aerated to ensure the proper growth of the cutting.

4. Now plant the cutting in the soil properly, after planting around 2-3 inches of the cutting in the soil, make sure to press the surrounding soil properly so that the cutting gets a proper hold in the soil.

5. Keep watering the cutting at regular intervals and ensure that the cutting is planted in a partially shady area. The gular tree is a slow-growing tree, so be patient with the growth of the tree. After a month or so of planting, you will observe that the new leaves have grown from the new branches. This is the start of a beautiful gular tree bonsai.

gular tree bonsai

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