Deodar tree is believed to be a divine tree; it is believed to be inhabited by the deities. Its name itself translates to “Tree of the Gods”, as Deo means “God” and Dar is used for “Tree” or “Wood”. As per Hindu mythology, in the ancient days when the sages used to meditate to please Lord Shiva, they used to do so under the Deodar tree. And thereafter Lord Shiva gave them the holy visitation. The Deodar tree is full of medicinal properties.
Deodar tree is found in the northwestern Himalayan region, and it is also found in the states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, and Darjeeling. Deodar is also known by many other names such as Deodaru, Bhadradaru, Surbhuru, Devdar, and Devadar. In many parts including the western Himalayas, and particularly in Kumaon Hills and Kullu Valley, people consider the deodar very sacred and they offer iron pieces as offering to the Gods which are believed to dwell in the deodar tree.
Deodar trees are generally very tall and huge, they have been found to grow up to a whopping 200 feet height. And because of the big size of the tree, its trunk is also very thick. The branches of this tree generally bent downwards.
Deodar Tree – Scientific and Descriptive Features
The scientific name of the deodar tree is “Cedrus Deodara” and it belongs to the family “Pinaceae”. The leaves of the deodar are needle-like in shape, generally 1 to 2 inches long, they are dark green in color but they may also have some silver bloom which gives them a blueish-green color. They start to appear between the months of June and September. It is a wonderful fact that these leaves can live for about 4 to 5 years.
The fruits of the deodar grow around the month of October, and it takes them about a year to fully mature. The fruits of the deodar are 4 to 5 inches long and 3 to 4 inches wide. They are in the shape of upright cones and they have many deciduous scales on them. They are initially green and purplish in color, but as they mature they start turning to reddish-brown color, they are generally resinous.
Deodar tree has a long life span and it can live for about 600 years, which means that if we planting a tree now, then our six generations will be able to benefit from this tree. The bark of the tree is initially smooth and gray-brown in color, but with age, it starts developing short furrows with scaly ridge tops.
The young deodar trees have a broad pyramidal crown at the top that becomes wider as the tree matures. In the general landscape, it can reach around 80 feet height, but it has the capacity to become much taller in its native place.
How To Grow Deodar Tree
The Deodar tree can be propagated by directly sowing the seeds of the deodar. Another easier method is direct transplanting the saplings from a nursery or the forest department. Although the deodar species can also be successfully raised from the cuttings, but this method is not very popular for growing deodar in India.
For planting the sapling in the soil you should make sure that you dig only 1-foot deep hole, after digging the hole properly place the sapling in the hole. Thereafter fill the soil in the hole; you have to softly fill the hole only with the soil that was the dugout. Do not press the soil firmly after filling the hole, let it be a little loose, it should only be firm enough to support the sapling to stand straight.
You should try to plant the deodar sapling when the weather is cool, a little bit humid, and cloudy. The sapling should be planted in well-drained soil in a partially sunny spot.
You should also add compost, manure, or other organic fertilizer to the soil to make it drain properly. The sapling is to be watered well, the deodar tree grows at an average speed, and it generally grows around 2 feet per year, although the initial growth of the tree is even slower. The deodar grows well in the areas with mild winter temperature conditions.
Benefits And Uses Of Deodar
1. Deodar tree is the strongest Indian coniferous tree and it is naturally anti-fungal, insect-repellent and it also has anti-bacterial properties. Because of the strength of its cedarwood, it is used as a valuable construction material in many places. The main commercial uses of the deodar can be seen in the sleepers of trains in India, beams in houses and buildings, boards, posts, doors, and window frames.
2. Deodar tree is also used for construction purposes in structures like bridges, furniture, packing cases, and carriages. It is also used for making second-grade pencils.
3. The aromatic oil extracted from the wood of the deodar tree is used in relieving tension, stress, fear, and anger from the mind. Many people use the paste of the mature deodar tree wood and apply it directly to their heads for getting relief from headaches and stress.
4. The bark of the deodar is astringent, having a slightly acidic and bitter taste, and it is very useful in the treatment of fevers, diarrhea, dysentery, and other gastric problems.
5. The oleoresin obtained from the deodar tree and the dark color oil which is extracted from the wood of the tree is considered very helpful in the treatment of ulcers and skin diseases.
6. The aromatic wood of the tree is also used for making incense sticks; the essential oil obtained from the wood is used as an insect repellent.
7. The wood of the deodar tree is considered to be diuretic; as such it is believed to be helpful for patients with urinary, kidney stones, and bladder issues.
8. The wood of the tree is also carminative, and it also has expectorant and decongestant properties, as such it is very helpful in the treatment of cough and cold, bronchitis, tuberculosis, and other such diseases.