Bamboo Tree – Know Everything About Bamboo Plant

The bamboo tree is one of the most amazing and useful plants in the world. Although bamboo looks like a tree, in reality, it is not; it is considered to be a type of grass. In fact, it is one of the most diversified grass species; scientists have recorded over 1400 different species of bamboo growing in various parts of the world.

For centuries bamboo has been used by humans as the source of food, construction material, hunting equipment, fuel, etc. Bamboo may be called a “Miracle Plant”, for the simple fact that it grows at an enormous speed.

Today, when the world is severely getting affected by deforestation, the bamboo tree may just well be the answer that we are looking for. Some species of bamboo tree grow as long as astonishing 4 feet per day. Can you believe that? It can reach maturity in just 2-3 years, while the other trees take as long as 50-70 years to reach maturity.

Bamboo tree, as such provides us with an option of rapid forestation. It gives us a sustainable and renewable source that can be harvested for use at the time of need. Bamboo is also considered to be naturally anti-bacterial and it does not need any special kind of maintenance for its growth. As such it is comparatively a lot easier to grow than the other trees and plants.

bamboo tree
Bamboo Tree

Bamboo Tree – Scientific Description

Bamboo belongs to the subfamily Bambusoideae of the family of grass – Poaceae. It possesses the characteristic hollow stem of the grass family and it is known for its prolific upward growth.

It comes from East Asia and Southeast Asia where it is used as a building material and its shoots are used as food sources. It is considered to be amongst the most primitive type of grasses.

The bamboo tree grows in colonies and reproduces by growing shoots which turn into a cane like structure. It is often difficult to classify the bamboo as they can grow flowers only in 12 to 120 years; and the flowers are the easiest way to classify plants.

Bamboo tree is a very beneficial tool for us; if we grow bamboo in masses, then it will help to clean the air we breathe. Bamboo, like other plants, converts carbon dioxide into oxygen. However, bamboo does it much better than the other average trees. A bamboo tree can produce up to 35% more oxygen than its counterpart tree, which in turn can help us with fresh breathable air.

The bamboo tree can be separated into two major groups – running bamboo and clumping bamboo. The running bamboo features routes that expand outward oppressively; it grows mostly in temperate climates. Clumping bamboo, as the name suggests, stays in neat clumps as it grows so it does not invade the surrounding areas, clumping bamboos mostly grows in the tropical areas.

The Fastest Upward Growing Plant On The Planet

Bamboo is one of the fastest-growing plants; can you believe that it grows as fast as three to four feet per day! That is just amazing! The bamboo plant is considered the fastest growing plant on Earth as far as upward growth is concerned.  

The bamboo tree achieves great height but it still keeps its sturdiness. You may not know it, but the fact is, bamboo isn’t a tree. It’s a very special type of grass just like wheat, rice, and other grasses and it is a member of the Poaceae family.

The trees grow through the slow process of cell division, but the bamboo plant, like all other grasses, grows by inflating the cells that it had created before its shoot came out of the ground.

The bamboo shoot is actually part of a long system of roots and canes that works like a plumbing system which pumps water into the new shoot’s cells. These cells release a special type of chemical that makes their walls more flexible and inflatable.  Thus the orientations of the strands that make these walls guide this fast growth straight up.

Almost all types of grasses grow with the help of the same cell elongation process, but the growth of bamboo is exceptional. Most grasses that grow upwards weaken out as they stretch because of their thin cell walls. But, bamboo is able to continuously deposit more layers to its cell walls which keep the shoot strong enough to withstand strong wind currents even as it continues to grow upwards.

How To Grow A Lucky Bamboo Plant At Home

Let’s have a look at the process of growing Lucky Bamboo plant in soil at your home, they are actually not bamboos; they are a part of the Dracaena family and their botanical name is Dracaena Braunii or Dracaena sanderiana.

Lucky bamboos are basically water plants which means they have no requirement of potting soil to grow. Lucky bamboo plants grow successfully in a soil-less environment, but they can also grow very well in well-draining soil pots. The actual purpose of shifting them into the soil is to speed up the growth of the plant. For growing the lucky bamboo plant in the soil you can follow these simple steps -:

1. Obtain the lucky bamboo plant from a store; try to get a plant that has bright green leaves with healthy white roots. You should also smell the lucky bamboo to make sure that it does not produce any foul odor.

2.  Select an appropriate container or pot for potting the lucky bamboo plant. The container or pot can be of any size or material. You can choose any good size container of plastic or clay or any other material. It will not matter much because the plant is not to be kept in direct sunlight.

3. Make holes at the bottom of the container or pot so that there is proper provision for water drainage in potting soil.

4. Prepare the potting soil for the planting of the bamboo, you can make your own mixture or purchase a readymade mix. You should add lots of vermiculite to the mix so that it increases the water retention capability of the soil.

5. Insert the stem of the lucky bamboo plant 1 to 2 inches into the soil and remember to plant with good space between the twigs.

6. Water it thoroughly and make sure to place the lucky bamboo plant in a place that does not receive direct sunlight, but receives adequate bright indirect light.

7. Make sure to keep the soil moist by watering it daily. You can do first watering with Epsom salt solution to counter the transplant shock. You only need to add about half a spoon in a liter of water, because lucky bamboo stems are quite sensitive to over-fertilization.

Tips For Taking Care Of Lucky Bamboo Plant At Home

1. Do not place your lucky bamboo plant in direct sunlight; place it in a ventilated area with shade and bright indirect light.  

2. Try to keep the soil slightly acidic, and for that, you can 1 tablespoon of vinegar in 1 liter of water every ten days.

3. You should fertilize it every 15 days with NPK, do not over-fertilize because the bamboo plant is sensitive to over-fertilization.

4. Try to keep the soil slightly moist at all times with daily watering of the pot. If you have added good vermiculite to your soil, you can even water on alternate days.

Bamboo Tree – Bamboo Plant – Amazing Facts

1. Bamboo is used as a traditional medicine in China and Japan; it is used to treat cold, fever, flu, and other related issues.

2. In ancient times, bamboo was used for writing as the paper was not invented at that time.

3. Bamboo is considered a very nutritious food source; fresh pickled and cooked bamboo shoots have been an important part of Asian cuisine for ages. Bamboo shoots are low in calories but they are an excellent source of fiber and potassium.

4. The first light bulb made by Thomas Edison had the carbonized bamboo filament. Bamboo was also used for the needle of the first phonograph. Also, the first helicopter was based on a bamboo toy.

5. Bamboo has a tensile strength that is higher than the steel; isn’t that amazing? Bamboo is incredibly strong; that is the reason it is used in many building materials.

6. Bamboo is naturally antifungal and antibacterial; a naturally occurring bio-agent called “bamboo Kun”, gives bamboo resistance to destructive microbes such as bacteria and fungus.

7. Bamboo can also be converted into fabric made from bamboo viscose, which can be used to make bamboo towels, sheets, socks, and yoga clothing.

Health Benefits Of Bamboo Tree

1. Bamboo is rich in calcium and it can be really helpful for people with low calcium and low bone density.

2. Children who want to increase their height can take sweet preserve of bamboo (murabba) on empty stomach for increasing their height.

3. The little bamboo plant can be planted inside your home as it is a good source of oxygen.

4. The bamboo leaf is considered to have a cooling effect on the body; people take it in the form of tea in the summertime.

5. Bamboo leaves and stems are believed to benefit oral health and to promote natural urination.

6. The taste of Bamboo leaves and the stem is somewhat sweet but it should be taken as per directions of the health practitioner.

7. Bamboo is also considered good for intestine and digestion problems.

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