Apple tree is considered a very important tree in India for one simple reason; the fruit that it produces; apple. Apple is one of the most popular fruits in India; and it is consumed throughout the country despite the fact that it is grown only in a few states.
In India, the apple tree is primarily grown in the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh state and in the hilly areas of the states of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. It is also grown in few areas of Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Sikkim, and Andhra Pradesh state.
Apple tree grows best in the type of soil which is well-drained, aerated, and loamy with a pH range of pH range 5.5 to 6.5. The soil should not have hard substrata and there should not be any water logging in the area. The apple tree should not be planted in soils with heavy clay or compact subsoil.
Apple Tree –Scientific Details
The scientific name of the apple tree is “Malus Domestica” and it belongs to the family “Rosaceae” and Genus “Malus”. The apple tree is a deciduous tree and grows well in the area in temperate zones. It requires a good amount of sun exposure for proper fruit-bearing capacity and color development.
In India, apple trees are grown in areas with high altitudes, especially along with the Himalayan ranges. The apple tree is sensitive to warmer climates and low soil moisture content. A low amount of water levels can hugely impact the fruit production capacity of the apple trees.
How To Grow Apple Tree At Your Home With Seeds
1. Collect seeds from the apple fruit carefully; the seeds are very small so make sure you do not damage them. Now, soak these seeds for 5 to 6 hours in normal water. After that remove any floating seeds, as these floating seeds are not likely to germinate.
2. Now the second step is to take a small container or a plastic box and a tissue paper. Fold this tissue paper and lay the bottom part on the container so that a bed gets ready for the seeds. Place the soaked seeds on this tissue paper bed. Now cover the seeds with the upper part of the folded tissue paper. And then pour a little bit of water so that tissue paper gets wet and drain the excess water by tilting the container and close the container or box.
3. Now place this container in the refrigerator; do not put it in the freezer. Now you have to wait for at least 10 to 15 days as the seeds may take 10 to 30 days to fully germinate. After a period of 10-15 days, you will see that some of the seeds will start germinating and there will be a white-colored sprout. You can keep the germinating seeds for some more time in the refrigerator so that that sprouts properly.
4. Now you have to plant these sprouted seeds in the pot. The potting soil mix should consist of coco peat, perlite, charcoal, gravel, leaf compost in an equal ratio by volume; and this mix is really good for sprouted seeds. For planting make a small hole with a stick, make sure that the hole is not very deep. It should be only deep enough to hold the radical part, which is this white thread-like structure; and that is actually the initial stage of the roots of the apple tree. Insert the radical part in the hole gently and place the seed over the soil surface. Cover the seed lightly.
5. Sprinkle a little water on the seeds and you will notice that just from the next day the seeds will start growing. Don’t put a lot of water, just water a bit to keep the proper moisture in the seeds.
6. You will observe that after just one day of planting you will be able to see the growth and after 3 days of planting you will see true leaves of the apple tree. You need to understand that it is possible that this plant won’t bear fruit in every climate, but it will for sure make your garden unique and interesting as not many people can boast of a bonsai apple plant.
Benefits Of Eating Apples
An apple a day keeps the doctor away; this is the saying that almost every one of us must have heard. But the question is, does an apple a day really keeps the doctor away?
Here are the ten facts about eating apples that everyone should be aware of if they are really trying to reap the benefits of the fruit.
1. Plenty of Vitamins -: Apple fruit contains a variety of vitamins. You get about 4 grams of Vitamin C, and huge daily intake of useful microelements like Manganese, Potassium, and Copper, along with vitamins A, E, B1, B2, and B6 by eating a medium-sized apple. It is also one of the most easily digestible sources of iron. You also get a sufficient amount of potassium which helps to stabilize blood pressure and the calcium you get is needed to strengthen tooth enamel and bone tissue.
2. Apples For Your Brain -: Eating apples regularly improves brain activity and it also contains a special antioxidant that prevents cell destruction and inflammation. Apple juice is considered to promote the formation of an important neurotransmitter that significantly improves memory.
3. Apples For Your Heart -: Scientists have already proved that eating apples daily reduces the risk of strokes and thrombosis, as it normalizes cholesterol levels in the blood. They’ve compared the effect of consuming about one apple per day with taking special medicines, called statins, which lower cholesterol levels in the body. Experts estimate that apples are almost as effective in reducing mortality from heart disease as medications.
4. Apples For Gall Bladder -: Eating apples prevents the formation of gallstones, these stones are cholesterol residues that are petrified and the fiber from apples helps to normalize cholesterol levels. Thanks to this, the cardiovascular system also heals. Eating an apple a day is also associated with a 28% reduction in the risk of type 2 diabetes.
5. Apples For Stomach -: It is believed that apples can help greatly in curing gastritis, especially the green varieties. For this, you need to eat the grated apples early in the morning. Since you can’t eat anything for four hours before and after the apples, be prepared to have breakfast after some time.
6. Apples For Losing Weight -: The fiber contained in green apples takes a long time to get absorbed, making you feel fuller for a longer period of time. But it is t be considered that apple fruits contribute to gas formation in your body, so don’t forget to take this into account while trying an apple diet.
7. Apples For Better Digestion -: Due to the fiber and pectin contained in apples, these fruits can help fight many digestion problems. They normalize the intestinal microflora and help promote the good type of bacteria in our gut. And due to the content of vitamins in apples such as carotene, iron, manganese, potassium, and calcium, they are also recommended for intestinal infections.
8. Apples For Beauty -: Due to the pectin that is in each apple, consuming it on a daily basis will help improve complexion and prolong youthfulness and freshness of the skin. Apples also contain an anti-aging compound. Not only can you eat apples, but you can also apply them to your hair and skin in the form of beauty-masks.
9. Apples For Immune System -: Apples have antioxidant quercetin, which is found mainly in red apples and it can strengthen the immune system, and help the body to cope with stress. They also help to cleanse the liver in these situations.
10. Apples For Energy -:– Apples consist of almost 85% water, which means that they are vital for hydration and energizing of your body. So it is indeed better to eat an apple about 20 minutes before your meal. This will help you to mitigate your hunger and, hence, you will intake fewer calories while eating.
History Of Apples and Apple Tree
Apples are of course are one of the favorite fruits of a majority of the population. Apples are very healthy for you; they have almost every single vitamin that you need along with lots of antioxidants. And they have a fascinating history as well; they are very closely linked to human history. Apples have been known to exist since the starting of mankind.
The Holy Bible mentions that Adam and Eve were thrown out of the Garden of Eden because they ate the apples off of the tree of knowledge. So they actually took the apples with them, and they brought them all over the world. It is believed that originally the apples were found in the Middle East, and subsequently, wherever the men went they took the apples with them.
The first recorded history of the apple is supposed to be in 8000 BC along the Nile River. The historians found some apple seeds and some proof that there were apples there. That was a long time ago, 8000 years before Christ, which is quite unbelievable; because we are saying that almost 10000 years ago there were apples on earth. In 2500 BC, they found dried apples in Iran in the tombs, so they’ve been associated with royalty as well.
It is believed that in 100 BC, the Romans brought apples with them all over Northern Europe as they invaded the whole continent at that time and that’s how apples are supposed to reach all over Europe. There were some native apple varieties as well that the Indians had been using for ages. But most of the apples that we see today are the original varieties that came from Europe.
In the year 1665, Sir Isaac Newton discovered the whole theory of gravity based on the event of an apple fall from a tree. So it’s a very significant fruit in the history of mankind.
In the early 1800s, the most famous person related to the apple in America was Johnny Appleseed. He realized that apples were an important food source for people; and all the pioneers at that time were going to the West Coast. So he actually took apple seeds with him and gave them to everyone that he could find along the way and that is how the apple got all over America.